Jan 272010
 

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To build a complete solar electric generating system for your house, you will need to source ten generic parts. Depending on what type of system you want to implement will depend on whether you use some or all of them.

Just to emphasize that point. For example, we talk about having a diesel generator as a back-up system, but you don’t to have to start off with one, and you can add it at a later date if you think it is necessary.

Solar Cells

Solar cells are placed in direct sunlight, and they transform daylight into electricity. It converts it into DC electricity. Go crazy and build loads of solar panels because you can connect an unlimited amount together. Follow this link find out more about how to build a solar panel.

They are connected in series so the flow of electricity is from to the next one in line. The more panels you have, the more energy you produce.

DC (Direct Current) Disconnect

The energy you produce flows to the DC disconnect. You do not want to undertake any maintenance on your system while there is electricity flowing through it. The DC disconnect switches of the power generated by your solar panels.

Battery Charge Controller

If you have a battery backup or a battery bank then a charge controller is a must have piece of equipment. This prevents your batteries from becoming over charged, which can damage them.

Batteries

Read up on the different types of batteries and get familiar with them. You want to use deep cycle batteries like the ones they use in forklift trucks. Do not use car batteries.

Batteries also perform better when they are warm. If you don’t have room in the house for them, make them a shelter outside, never leave them exposed. The other thing you might want to think about is getting a battery box. They are great for protection and keeping batteries warm.

System Meter

Your solar system meter is, in effect, your dashboard. It tells you the amount of electricity you are generating, consuming and how much is stored in your batteries. Without a system meter, you are working blind.

Main Supply DC Disconnect

The main DC disconnect is used to turn off the power from your battery. You want to locate it between your battery and your alternating current and direct current inverter. This turns off the power from your batteries, which then allows you to undertake any preventative maintenance.

AC DC Inverter

Batteries and solar panels output a direct current. However, all your appliances in your home use AC current. This is the job of the inverter to convert direct current to an alternating current.

Generator

Check out the many types of fossil fueled generators. If you live in a house that does not have an electric utility supplier then this is a good option to add to your system. The electrical generator can provide a backup to your solar powered system should it be down for maintenance or if the batteries are low.

AC (Alternating Current) Breaker Panel

The AC breaker panel switches off the flow of electricity either from the grid to your home or your home to the grid. Only your electricity supplier is allowed to touch these panels. Which means, when you are ready, arrange for them to connect your solar energy system to the grid.

It makes sense really, if you get this bit wrong it can be very costly, and you don’t want to end up with the blame for anything.

KW per Hour Meter

Every house with a utility electric supplier has an electric meter. The meter measures your electric usage and your bill is calculated based on the figures from this meter. So if you send power back to the grid, this will go in reverse.

Video on Different Aspects Of Building Your Own Solar Panel

The first step is to build a solar panel, after that we have to design a home electrical system for it to work with. Visit build a solar panel and learn all you need to know about building the right system for your house.


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 Posted by at 1:44 pm